Mountaineering Equipment

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11.       Chock Nuts.     Is a group of removable artifical protection device. They generally consist of a metal part (chock), and a sling to link the device and a rope. In a proper crack they can be placed and removed much easier and faster then pitons and leave no scar on the rock face. Use of chock nuts does not make any noice.

12.       Spring-Loaded Camming Devices.          Spring-loaded camming devices (SLCDs) provide convenient, reliable placement in cracks where standard chocks are not practical. SLCDs have three or four cams rotating around a single or double axis with a rigid or semi-rigid point of attachment. These are placed quickly and easily, saving time and effort. SLCDs are available in many sizes to accommodate different size cracks. Each fits a wide range of crack widths due to the rotating cam heads.

13.       Jumar.            Jumar is a device which enables climbing up the fixed rope. Jumar allow movement in one direction and arrest the fall of climber during climbing. Jumar is also used in preparation of bases for crevasse rescue.
14.       Descender.        A device for controlled descent on a rope. Desender can also be used as a belay device.

15.       Pulleys.          Pulleys are used to change direction in rope systems and to create mechanical advantage in hauling systems. Pulleys are small, lightweight, and  strong. Pulleys are made with several bearings, different-sized sheaves (wheel), and metal alloy side plates.

16.       Crampons.      Spiked metal devices that attach firmly to climbing boots to provide reliable footing on ice and firm snow slopes.
17.         Ice Axe.  A mountaineering tool, pointed at the base of the shaft and with a head consisting of a pick and an blade. A standard axe shaft may be 60 to 75 cm in length while technical axes are typically 50 cm long. The versatility of the ice axe lends itself to balance, step cutting, probing, self-arrest, belays, anchors, direct-aid climbing, and ascending and descending snow and ice covered routes.
18.       Ice pitons.         Ice pitons are used to protect climber on steep ice or for setting up a crevasse rescue base. The strongest and most reliable is the modern tubular ice pitons which ranges in length from 18 to 23 cm.
19.       Ice Hammer.  A variant of the ice axe where the head consists of a pick and a hammer, usually used in combination with an ice axe. The hammer is used to pound in protection.(
20.       Deadman anchor.         An object buried into snow to serve as an anchor for an attached rope.
21.       Snow Shovel.           The snow shovel is used to cut and remove ice and snow. It can be used for avalanche rescue, shelter construction, step cutting, and removing obstacles. The snow shovel is made of a special, lightweight aluminum alloy. The handle should be telescopic, folding, or removable to be compact when not in use. The shovel should have a flat or rounded bottom and be of strong construction.

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